Examining the Vitality of War: 8 Key Factors for Military Success
- War is of vital importance to the state
- Five factors must be taken into account when determining military conditions: moral law, heaven, earth, commander, and method and discipline
- War must be based on deception
- Use baits and feign disorder
- Use helpful circumstances to modify plans
- Calculate to forecast victory or defeat
- Expend resources carefully
- Provide rewards for those who take first in battle
- Substitute own flag for enemy’s and use conquered forces to increase strength.
Tactics of War: The Keys to Defeating the Enemy
- The essential elements of victory in war are knowing when and how to fight
- Understanding how to use small and large forces
- Having a unified army
- Preparing in advance and having military acumen
- Employing officers with discrimination
- Avoiding sieges
- Using stratagems to attack the enemy’s plans, forces, and cities without fighting if possible
- Being able to control one’s own emotions
- Outnumbering the enemy or fleeing if unequal in numbers.
How to Achieve Victory on the Battlefield: A Guide to Tactical Dispositions
- Fighting effectively in an army of any size requires the division of forces and the establishment of clear signals
- Weak points and strong should be identified and tactical dispositions utilized to deceive enemies
- The clever fighter will have a combination of both direct and indirect methods, as well as judicious decisions
- Concealment can also be used for strategic advantage by keeping the enemy guessing
- Victory is achieved through the combined energy of different forces and the timely application of tactics.
The Art of War: Sun Tzus Strategies for Success in Battle
- Maneuver tactics are key to success in war
- Sun Tzu suggested that an army without its baggage train is lost, as well as one without provisions or a basis of supply
- He recommends blending and harmonizing the different elements of an army before pitching camp
- Deception and misdirection should be used to turn the enemy’s strength against them while avoiding their own weaknesses
- Signals such as gongs, drums, banners, and flags should be used to focus the attention of the troops on one point
- A commander-in-chief should take advantage of times when the enemy’s spirit is low and avoid them when it is high.
The Path to Military Victory: Utilizing Sun Tzus Ancient Strategies
- Sun Tzu stresses the importance of studying and understanding situations before taking action, as well as being aware of natural features in order to take advantage of them
- He outlines five general faults that can result in an army’s destruction
- There are four branches of military knowledge which enabled the Yellow Emperor to win his wars
- Sun Tzu explains how to optimize encampments in different terrains and landscapes
- Natural features can be used to assess an enemy’s strategy, such as dust rising to indicate chariots or startled beasts to indicate an ambush.
Unravelling the Risks of Military Defeat: Understanding Terrain, Leadership and Structure
- The conditions of terrain must be studied and understood in order to gain an advantage
- Six calamities can arise from faults of the general rather than external forces, such as flight, insubordination, collapse, ruin, disorganization and rout
- The strength of a force should not be thrown against another ten times its size
- If the common soldiers are too strong or the officers too weak it will lead to insubordination or collapse respectively
- Anger and disobedience amongst higher officers may result in ruin
- If duties are not clearly defined and ranks not properly formed it will cause disorganization
- Weak detachments facing powerful ones or not placing picked soldiers in front will lead to rout.
Unveiling Sun Tzus Advice on Winning a War
- Sun Tzu outlines the nine different kinds of ground upon which war is conducted
- Sun Tzu provides advice on how to respond to each of these nine grounds
- Sun Tzu advises that an invading force should seize something valuable to the enemy and make use of unexpected routes in order to win a battle
- Sun Tzu emphasizes the importance of taking care of one’s troops and not overtaxing them or burdening them with too much money or responsibility
- Lastly, Sun Tzu encourages soldiers to maintain courage even when they are facing death.
Secrets of Successful Generalship: Mastering the Fundamentals of War
- The proper use of ground, the fundamental laws of human nature, and the five methods to attack with fire
- The skillful general must maintain secrecy and order in his army, burn boats and cooking pots to prevent enemy knowledge, and adjust plans to keep them guessing
- On dispersive ground inspire unity, on facile ground ensure connection between parts of the army
- On serious or desperate ground fortify supplies or proclaim hopelessness respectively
- To successfully invade hostile territory penetrate deeply for cohesion
- Block all ways of retreat on hemmed-in or dangerous ground.
Unlocking Victory: The Power of Strategic Spying
- Spies are a critical element in military success, as they provide knowledge of the enemy that could not otherwise be obtained
- Five varieties of spies should be employed: Local, Inward, Converted, Doomed and Surviving spies
- Information gathered by Converted spies enables further use of other kinds of spies
- Rewards and secrecy should be used when managing spies
- Intelligence is essential to successful spying
- The wise ruler and general use this intelligence to gain victory.