Martin Heidegger: From Theology to Phenomenology and Nazism
- Martin Heidegger was born in 1889 in rural Germany
- He studied theology and received a scholarship to pursue his secondary education in the nearby town of Constance
- After two years, he abandoned his training for the priesthood and turned to mathematics and philosophy at the University of Freiburg
- Edmund Husserl, founder of phenomenology, arrived at Freiburg in 1916 and had a major influence on Heidegger’s thought
- Heidegger served as Husserl’s assistant from 1919 to 1923
- Heidegger was offered a post as full lecturer at Marburg University from 1923-1927 when he published his masterpiece Being and Time
- In 1933, he became Rector of the University of Freiburg and was an outspoken believer in Nazi ideals until their defeat in 1945.
Exploring Heideggers Legacy: An Analysis of His Life, Philosophy and Impact
- Heidegger’s life and philosophy saw three distinct waves: his earliest theological studies and writings, which saw a foreshadowing of his later work
- Being and Time, Heidegger’s magnum opus, which sought to answer the question of being but instead turned towards a phenomenological exploration of the human entity
- And his later period, characterised by a mystical detachment from practical engagement in the world. Heidegger is seen as having left an “Heidegger-shaped crater” on various disciplines due to his influence
- However, some have argued that his attempt to answer the question of being was “senseless”.
Exploring Heideggers Path to Dissolving the Mind Body Problem Through Everyday Life and Language
- Heidegger’s philosophy of dasan explores the Mind Body problem posed by Descartes
- Heidegger seeks to bridge the gap between subject and object through this concept, dissolving the Mind Body problem
- Through his works, Heidegger encourages us to find an understanding of being by engaging with our everyday lives and practical relationships with people and things (not detached contemplation)
- Heidegger believes language limits our world – so he attempts to break through this by expanding language
- Technology is a mode of relating to nature where resources are reduced to simply means for human ends.
Exploring Heideggers Revolutionary Four-fold and Impact on Modern Civilization
- Heidegger’s later thinking enters an idiosyncratic poetic mode less related to philosophy
- Heidegger believes in a revolution in humanity’s relation to the world, which he calls “the four-fold” (skies, earth, divinities, mortals)
- Young people prioritize how instagramable a destination is
- Technology relates to nature by building dams or turning into tourist attractions
- Heidegger believes there is rot in modern civilization and that only a God can save us
- This God is the one who will initiate transformation of humans’ relation to the world
- Heidegger believed Germany was special for its language and became swept up in Nazism
- He later turned against it as Nazis were too caught up in technological instrumentalization of the world.